Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple in the ninth century measuring 123 x 123 meters. Borobudur was completed centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia.
Who does not know Borobudur? This Buddhist temple has 1460 relief panels and 504 Buddha effigies in the complex. Millions of people are yearning to visit the buildings included in this Wonder of the World Heritage. Not surprisingly, the architecture and function as a place of worship, Borobudur is the heart of appeal.
Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the kings of Old Mataram Kingdom, the descendant of the dynasty dynasty. Kayumwungan based registration, an Indonesian named Hudaya Kandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship was completed on 26 May 824, almost a hundred years from the time construction. The name of Borobudur, as some media of a mountain with terraces (Buddhas), while the other says that Borobudur means monastery on top.
The construction of Borobudur in shape with straight pund consists of 10 levels. Height 42 meters before it was renovated and 34.5 meters after the renovation because the lowest level is used as a ballast. Six lowest level of a square and three levels on top of a circle and one of the highest levels of Buddhist stupa west. Each level represents the stages of human life.
According madhhabs Mahayana Buddhism, each person who wants to reach the level as the Buddha had to through all levels of life. The base of Borobudur, called Kāmadhātu, symbolizing human beings that are still bound by lust. Top four levels referred Rupadhatu symbolizes the man who had become free from lust, but still bound manner and form. On this terrace, Buddha effigies are placed in open space. Meanwhile, three levels above where the Buddhist stupas are placed in holes called Arupadhatu, which symbolizes the man who has been free from lust, appearance and form. The top is called Arupa symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha resides.
Each terrace has beautiful relief panels with skillfully. Relief to be read consistently when you walk clockwise (to the left of the entrance of the temple). The relief panels tell the legendary story of Ramayana. In addition, there are relief panels describing the condition of society at that time. For example, relief of farmers' activity reflecting the advance of agriculture system and relief of sailing boat representing the advance of the trip which was based on Bergotto (Semarang).
All relief panels in Borobudur temple reflect the teachings of Buddha. Therefore, this temple as education functions of the media for people who want to learn Buddhism. Yogya invites you to surround each of the narrow alleys of Borobudur to understand the philosophy of Buddhism. Atisha, a Buddhist from India in the 10th century, had visited the temple which was built three centuries before Angkor Wat in Cambodia and four centuries before the great cathedrals of Europe.
Thanks to visiting Borobudur and armed with a dash of Serlingpa Buddhism (one of the king of the Kingdom of Sriwijaya), Atisha was able to develop Buddhism. The monastery became chief Vikramasila and taught Tibetans of practicing Dharma. Six manuscripts Serlingpa condensed into a basic course called "The light of the path to enlightenment" or better known by the name Bodhipathapradipa.
One of the unanswered questions about Borobudur is like the condition of the entire temple was built and why the temple was found buried in the state. Some say that Borobudur was originally surrounded by a swamp and then buried by the eruption of Merapi. Kolkata is essentially the inscription reads "Amawa 'means sea of milk. The word is interpreted as the lava of Merapi. Some others, says that Borobudur buried by cold lava of Merapi.
With all the grandeur and mystery that is natural that many people around the world have penjru Borobudur as a place worth visiting in your life. Besides enjoying the temple, you can walk around the villages around Borobudur, as Karanganyar and Wanurejo to see the activities of local crafts. You can also go to the top Watu Kendil to see a panoramic view from the top of Borobudur. Why wait? No need to worry about an earthquake of May 27, 2006, because of Borobudur is not affected at all.
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